When you use an abbreviation in both the abstract and the text, define it in both places upon first use.does not offer official guidance on whether to use abbreviations in headings.
This is listed as a standard abbreviation within the field of information technology.
According to the American Psychological Association (APA) format, the word to be abbreviated should be spelled in its entirety the first time it is used, and the abbreviation should be enclosed behind it in parentheses.
Our bespoke software ensures that what you receive hasn’t been published before.
Our developers keep the scanner updated with the latest algorithms.
If the name of the group first appears in the narrative, put the abbreviation, a comma, and the year for the citation in parentheses after it.
If you have several references by the same group author, you only need to abbreviate the name once (see here for how to handle references with the same author and date).
We recommend that you avoid them—for example, the reader may skim the paper before reading it in full, and abbreviations in headings may be difficult to understand out of context.
So, if a term you intend to abbreviate appears in a heading (e.g., the name of a test or measure), spell out the term in the heading and then when it first appears in the text, spell it out again and define it there.
by Chelsea Lee This post will address how to use abbreviations in APA Style—specifically, how to use acronyms, which are abbreviations made up of the first letters of each word in a phrase. You can find abbreviations discussed in the The first time you use an abbreviation in the text, present both the spelled-out version and the short form.
When the spelled-out version first appears in the narrative of the sentence, put the abbreviation in parentheses after it: If your reference has a group author, the name of the group can sometimes be abbreviated—for example, American Psychological Association can be abbreviated to APA.