Andersonville Prison Research Paper

Andersonville Prison Research Paper-4
Civil War-era data suggest that trauma experienced by POWs shortened the lifespans of their male children, according to a startling UCLA research study.UCLA economics professor Dora Costa analyzed records in the National Archives to track the lifespans of children of Union soldiers captured by the Confederacy.

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Overcrowded and unsanitary, they were breeding grounds of disease.Many men who came in as healthy prisoners died from these illnesses before they could be exchanged or released.Some Confederate prisons were little more than open pens, where the problems of disease were aggravated by exposure and starvation.Sons who were born during the later months of 1866 to soldiers who were POWs when conditions in the Confederate camps declined fared better than those born earlier in 1866.Costa said that this is likely the result of their mothers having better access to nutrition during their pregnancies.Fathers’ POW status had no impact on their daughters’ health, it added.The fact that sons’ lifespans were impacted and daughters’ were not indicates an “epigenetic effect transmitted along the Y chromosome,” Costa said. While the study’s findings are alarming, researchers note that the impact of trauma was likely mitigated by nutrients taken by mothers during pregnancy.The site was commanded by Captain Henry Wirz, who was tried and executed after the war for war crimes.It was overcrowded to four times its capacity, with an inadequate water supply, inadequate food rations, and unsanitary conditions.Diary of a soldier from Mower County, Minnesota who served in the Ninth Minnesota Infantry Regiment in Missouri and Mississippi until his capture by Confederate forces and his subsequent incarceration and death at Andersonville Prison.Entries by a second writer continue until October 9, some two months following Woodbury’s death at Andersonville.


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