The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is primarily used in the social sciences.
This format differs from the Modern Language Association (MLA) style because it emphasizes the date by placing it earlier in the citation, and it helps reduce bias by using only the last names and first initials of the author, thereby removing gender from the author’s name.
Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author's last name, using the letter-by-letter system (ignore spaces and other punctuation.) Only the initials of the first and middle names are given.
If the author's name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, An, or The.
She received her Ph D in English from Georgia State University in 2015.
There are 23 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Presenting your findings: A practical guide for creating tables. Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). A bibliography, however, typically includes resources in addition to those cited in the text and may include annotated descriptions of the items listed.In general, the list of references is double-spaced and listed alphabetically by first author's last name.If there is more than one author, use an ampersand (&) before the name of the last author. If there are more than six authors, list only the first one and use et al. Place the date of publication in parentheses immediately after the name of the author. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works within longer works. Sometimes it is difficult to locate an author for an online source.If you absolutely can't find an author's name, you can use the name of the organization that published the article (for example, "California Department of Health," or "American Humane Society").calls for a list of references instead of a bibliography.The requirements of a reference list are that all references cited in the text of a paper must be listed alphabetically by first author's last name in the list of references and that all references listed must be cited within the text.