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Kids with Down syndrome are also at an increased risk of developing pulmonary hypertension, a serious condition that can lead to irreversible damage to the lungs.All infants with Down syndrome should be evaluated by a pediatric cardiologist.The physical features and medical problems associated with Down syndrome can vary widely from child to child.
Down syndrome (DS), also called Trisomy 21, is a condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome.
Chromosomes contain hundreds, or even thousands, of genes.
But because they can't give a definitive answer as to whether a baby has DS, these tests are used to help parents decide whether to have more diagnostic tests.
Diagnostic tests are about 99% accurate in detecting Down syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities.
However, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) now recommends that all pregnant women be offered screening with the option for invasive diagnostic testing for Down syndrome, regardless of age.
If you're unsure about which test, if any, is right for you, your doctor or a genetic counselor can help you sort through the pros and cons of each.
Fortunately, many of these conditions are treatable.
Two types of prenatal tests are used to detect Down syndrome in a fetus: screening tests and diagnostic tests.
For infants, low muscle tone may contribute to sucking and feeding problems, as well as constipation and other digestive issues.
Toddlers and older kids may have delays in speech and self-care skills like feeding, dressing, and toilet teaching.