The four virtues described by Plato are prudence, courage, temperance, and justice.Plato relates the virtues to a community, which is made up of the rulers, army, and workers.
The four virtues described by Plato are prudence, courage, temperance, and justice.Plato relates the virtues to a community, which is made up of the rulers, army, and workers.Next is passion, which is the fighting for what is right, and the two together work as allies. the rational part is wise and looks out for the whole of the mind, isn’t it right for it to rule, and for the passionate part to be its subordinate and its ally.” (The Republic 441e) As passion and reason work together, passion is found in the military.Tags: Illegal Immigrants EssaysA White Heron Analysis EssayHelp With Homework BooksHow To Create A Business Plan For A WebsiteElementary Persuasive Essays Graphic OrganizerDark Knight Analysis EssayChapters Of DissertationTerm Paper On The Civil Rights MovementCritical Thinking Middle SchoolEssay On Getting Married Young
I will also discuss whether I would find Plato’s application successful.
The first concept we must discuss if we are gong to talk about Plato’s vision of the human soul are the four virtues the human soul posses.
Desire is the temptation to do what is wrong, but self-discipline corrects it.
“…desirous part, which is the major constituent of an individual’s mind and is naturally insatiably greedy for things.” (The Republic 442a) Justice is again found in all three parts of the soul, because when they all work together justly, they are successful.
“The people who have it are those rulers…” (The Republic 428d) In order to have wisdom one must be resourceful, in which he/she has obtained knowledge. Courage is not the virtue of standing in front of a tank and say it will not hurt me, that is stupidity.
Courage is the ability to apply what you have been taught: what is to be feared and what is not to be feared.
Temperance, also known as self-discipline, is needed by the workers, so that they do not desire to be in the ruler’s position. the rulers and their subjects agree on who the rulers should be.” (The Republic 431e) Temperance is also used to control the desire to go against one’s free-will.
It is seen that each position has its own importance in the community, and for the community to function correctly each one must agree on their position in life. Plato says, “To be self-disciplined is somehow to order and control the pleasures and desires.” (The Republic 430e) The last virtue to be discussed is Justice otherwise known as morality.
In the following paper I will discuss Plato’s views about the various parts, or aspect, of the soul and their proper relation to one another.
I will also discuss how Plato would apply his theory of the individual soul to his theory of the proper political order of the state.