Other fundamental problems contributed to the fall.
In the economically ailing west, a decrease in agricultural production led to higher food prices.
The Angles and Saxons populated the British Isles, and the Franks ended up in France. The order that the Roman Empire had brought to western Europe for 1000 years was no more.
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The invading army reached the outskirts of Rome, which had been left totally undefended. E., the Visigoths, led by Alaric, breached the walls of Rome and sacked the capital of the Roman Empire.
The Visigoths looted, burned, and pillaged their way through the city, leaving a wake of destruction wherever they went. For the first time in nearly a millennium, the city of Rome was in the hands of someone other than the Romans.But the Christian belief in one god — who was not the emperor — weakened the authority and credibility of the emperor.Constantine enacted another change that helped accelerate the fall of the Roman Empire. E., he split the empire into two parts: the western half centered in Rome and the eastern half centered in Constantinople, a city he named after himself.Over time, the military was transformed into a mercenary army with no real loyalty to Rome.As money grew tight, the government hired the cheaper and less reliable Germanic soldiers to fight in Roman armies.By the end, these armies were defending Rome against their fellow Germanic tribesmen.Under these circumstances, the sack of Rome came as no surprise.The eastern Empire spoke Greek and worshipped under the Eastern Orthodox branch of the Christian church.Over time, the east thrived, while the west declined.She helped keep her husband, Emperor Justinian, in power and solidified the strength of the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century C. First, it was on a peninsula that could be fortified and defended easily.Further, because Constantinople was located on the frontiers of the empire, imperial armies could respond more easily to external attacks or threats.