The 1994 National Long Term Care Survey indicated that more than 7 million Americans, mainly family members, provided 120 million hours of care to elders with functional disabilities living in the community.
The 1994 National Long Term Care Survey indicated that more than 7 million Americans, mainly family members, provided 120 million hours of care to elders with functional disabilities living in the community.Tags: Informal Essay IntroBiographical EssayProfessional Essay Writing HelpEssay Help ProsThird Grade Math Problem SolvingThe American Family Today EssayCriteria For A Good Thesis StatementWrite An Essay About EducationFood Web Assignment
Among people age 85 and older in 1999, 33 percent reported themselves to be in fair or poor health, 84 percent had disabilities involving mobility (unpublished data Natonal Center for Health Statistics, 2002), and 16 percent had Alzheimer’s disease (Brookmeyer et al., 1998).
Given the projected growth in the elderly population, long-term care for elderly people with disabilities has become an increasingly urgent policy concern (Institute of Medicine, 2001; Stone, 2000).
Over this same period, the life expectancy of people at age 65 increased from 13.9 to 17.9 years (Natonal Center for Health Statistics, unpublished data, 2001). Bureau of the Census predicts that by 2030, the population over age 65 will nearly triple to more than 70 million people, and older people will make up more than 20 percent of the population (up from 12.3 percent in 1990) (Population Projections Program, 2000).
These trends will likely be accentuated by the aging of the post-WWII baby boom generation. It is heartening that large proportions of the nation’s older people are living without substantial disability.
The number of cases of elder mistreatment will undoubtedly increase over the next several decades, as the population ages.
Yet little is known about its characteristics, causes, or consequences or about effective means of prevention or management.
Among the 34 million persons over age 65 in 1995, 5 percent were nursing home residents, and 12 percent lived in the community setting with ADL or IADL limitations.
The number of nursing home residents increased between 1973–19 from 961,500 to 1,469,500 among those age 65 and older, and from 413,6000 to 757,100 among those 85 and older (Eberhardt et al., 2001).
The proportion of the population age 65 and older has increased dramatically since 1950.
Between 19, the total population of the country increased by 87 percent, the population age 65 and older increased by 188 percent, and the population 85 and older increased by 635 percent (Eberhardt et al., 2001, Hetzel and Smith, 2001).