Fellow-feeling provides the experiential foundation for our rule-following conduct and constitutes the evolutionary basis for human sociality.Similarly, gravity in Newtonian physics was a primitive concept known by the work it does in governing the orderly motion of all bodies in the observable universe, as it was known in Newton’s time.
His second book, . I think he was right, in part because his first book was essential in conveying the full implications and importance of his second book as a contribution to human understanding.
But posterity would judge otherwise; was a spectacularly successful book, like few others in history.
The eighteenth century opened on the last 27 years of the life of Isaac Newton (1643–1727), who had a profound influence on how people thought about the world in which they lived.
Perhaps no figure was more significantly affected by Newton’s thought than Adam Smith (1723–1790), who was destined to envision and describe a new, freer, and more prosperous world, enabling a leap into the future for the classical liberalism established by John Locke (1632–1704).
Others always mark their approval or disapproval of our actions in response to the benefits or hurts they feel.
In this conjunction with others, we each gradually come to see ourselves as others see us.Smith sought to explain through systematic analysis disciplined by “experiments”.In other words, he sought to explain using test cases.The context (situation, circumstances) in which an action takes place allows people to imagine what alternative action(s) could have been taken, but were not.In , Smith assumes that everyone knows that everybody is self-interested and non-satiated.As we socially mature, we naturally bring ourselves in line with society.Smith’s fundamental axiom underlying human conduct is self-love; technically, in modern language, we are explicitly said to be “self-interested” and never satiated.was well-received in its time, but failed to attract a following in the 19th century.Psychology and social psychology would not be distinguished from natural philosophy until over a hundred years later.to bring order to contemporary experiments where traditional game-theoretic models failed to predict human action even under the conditions of anonymity and to elaborate on lessons that behavioural scientists should draw from Smith’s works.In Part 1, I outline Smith’s social, evolutionary system of Sentiments and its relevance to both human decision making and the broader rules of human conduct.