And remember at all times to avoid plagiarising your sources.
Always separate your source opinions from your own hypothesis. Critical Evaluation of the Literature Have you organised your material according to issues?
making sure you consistently reference the literature you are referring to. Have you focussed on primary sources with only selective use of secondary sources? Is there a logic to the way you organised the material?
When you are doing your reading and making notes, it might be an idea to use different colours to distinguish between your ideas and those of others. Here is a final checklist, courtesy of the University of Melbourne: Selection of Sources Have you indicated the purpose of the review? Why did you include some of the literature and exclude others? Does the amount of detail included on an issue relate to its importance?
What you will need to do is to group together and compare and contrast the varying opinions of different writers on certain topics.
What you must not do is just describe what one writer says, and then go on to give a general overview of another writer, and then another, and so on.Keep your writing clear and concise, avoiding colloquialisms and personal language.You should always aim to be objective and respectful of others’ opinions; this is not the place for emotive language or strong personal opinions.Use the present tense for general opinions and theories, or the past when referring to specific research or experiments: Although Trescothick (2001) argues that attack is the best form of defence, Boycott (1969) claims that.In a field study carried out amongst the homeless of Sydney, Warne (1999) found that.The aim of a literature review is to show your reader (your tutor) that you have read, and have a good grasp of, the main published work concerning a particular topic or question in your field.This work may be in any format, including online sources.If you thought something was rubbish, use words such as inconsistent, lacking in certain areas or based on false assumptions!(See Guide 1.21) When introducing someone’s opinion, don’t use says, but instead an appropriate verb which more accurately reflects this viewpoint, such as argues, claims or states.Your structure should be dictated instead by topic areas, controversial issues or by questions to which there are varying approaches and theories.Within each of these sections, you would then discuss what the different literature argues, remembering to link this to your own purpose. If you are grouping together writers with similar opinions, you would use words or phrases such as: similarly, in addition, also, again More importantly, if there is disagreement, you need to indicate clearly that you are aware of this by the use of linkers such as: however, on the other hand, conversely, nevertheless At the end of the review you should include a summary of what the literature implies, which again links to your hypothesis or main question. In many cases you will be given a booklist or directed towards areas of useful published work. With dissertations, and particularly theses, it will be more down to you to decide.