Literature Review Model

Literature Review Model-24
Major findings are that the topic of student retention is critical to higher education institutions, but it is highly complex and difficult to predict.

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The majority of theories that relate to student retention were derived during the early 1970s and have since been added to, revisited, and revised (Tinto 2007, Tudor 2018, West et al. Throughout the history of the education system, institutional goals and priorities have shifted away from building individual competencies in a few skill areas and toward the graduation of students (Aljohani 2016a; Bodin & Orange 2018).

In the decades that preceded the 1950s, there was no systematic approach to student retention (Aljohani 2016b; Caruth 2018). The literature argues that during this expansion period, student retention became a global concern, with the result that student retention models were created (Aljohani 2016a, 2016b; Tinto 2007). He has research interests in the areas of non-academic staff impacts on student success and the impacts and implications of non-academic staff on student attrition rates.

This literature review focuses on current research (from no later than 2010) on student engagement in higher education.

In an attempt to relate the current research to student engagement within the field of student affairs (or non-academic units), many of the articles were attained either from the .

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Allowing a website to create a cookie does not give that or any other site access to the rest of your computer, and only the site that created the cookie can read it.Below are the most common reasons: This site uses cookies to improve performance by remembering that you are logged in when you go from page to page.To provide access without cookies would require the site to create a new session for every page you visit, which slows the system down to an unacceptable level.The three theories are Spady’s (1970, 1971) Undergraduate Dropout Process Model, Tinto’s (1975, 1993) Institutional Departure Model, and Bean’s (1980, 1982) Student Attrition Model.These provide context for a literature review on current publications, focusing mainly on the social (as opposed to the academic) aspect of higher education.The higher the retention rate an institution can achieve, the more students it will maintain who will pay tuition and fees and generate academic achievements—all of which are imperative to institutional success.While student attrition has been a critical issue since the establishment of higher education institutions, the theoretical frameworks in which retention is studied are relatively new (Aljohani 2016a, 2016b).The findings of this literature review are presented as two main sub-topics: the theoretical student retention models and current research that impacts and influences those models. Because the field of student attrition is rather extensive, this literature review focuses on the role of social interaction during students’ higher education experience. If your browser does not accept cookies, you cannot view this site.There are many reasons why a cookie could not be set correctly.


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