Literature Review On Food Security

Literature Review On Food Security-44
Both terms refer to a concept that has both quantitative and qualitative components.Food poverty has been defined and operationalised for measurement in several ways.As with the quantitative studies, the Australian study does identify some barriers and coping strategies (201, but in addition they have rich data on the affective experience.

Both terms refer to a concept that has both quantitative and qualitative components.Food poverty has been defined and operationalised for measurement in several ways.

Literature Review On Food Security Impact On Your Life Essays

Sociologist have used many different approaches to analyse food poverty, including social geography of food deserts (Caraher and Lang 1998; Caraher, Lang and Carr-Hill 1998) social class analysis (Molcho et al 2006), applied social policy research (Lambie-Mumford 2013a, 2013b), phenomenology (Dibsdall et al 2002) and social psychology (Carter et al 2011).This leads them to conclude that dietary education is not the answer (ibid) to food poverty, but that solutions should be practical and direct, such as improving facilities.They also highlight the importance of contextual information for effective response (Wicks et al 201), something that a quantitative survey would not be as well-suited for.This study has been carried out in the light of a sudden increase in the number of people using food banks.Both local food banks (BHFP 2013a) and the national Trussell Trust have experienced increased pressure, the latter by a 610% increase in service users between 20 (Trussell Trust 2014) .As the gap between income and cost of living grows (Caraher, Lang and Carr-Hill 1998; BHFP 2012b: 3-4; Family Action:3,5; Church Action on Poverty and Oxfam 2013:3; Dowler 19), the relative elasticity of the food budget means it is the first one to be squeezed (Family Action n.d:14; Dowler 19).Food poverty is further compounded by access problems (Caraher, Lang and Carr-Hill 195; Dowler 19) as described further below.This literature review sets out to explore some of the different discussions relevant to the subject of food poverty “in societies where systems for employment or welfare were thought sufficient to ensure universal food entitlement” (Dowler 19), in other words, the industrialised global North, where food poverty is not a question of supply failure (Dowler and O’Connor 20,47).This literature review uses food poverty and food insecurity interchangeably.People in food poverty have worse nutritional outcomes (Faculty of Public Health 2005; Holmes 206), resulting in higher risk of somatic and mental symptoms (Molcho et al 206, Gabhainn, Kelly, Friel and Kelleher:364,366; Faculty of Public Health 2005:1,2; Dowler and O’Connor 20; FPH:2; Carter et al 2064; BHFP 2012a:3).This has a knock-on effect in other areas, such as drops in educational attainment (Speight, Holmes and Wells 207).

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