North Korea And South Korea Reunification Essay

North Korea And South Korea Reunification Essay-7
The United States announces it will withdraw roughly one hundred nuclear weapons from South Korea as part of the original Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. The governments of North and South Korea agree to “not test, manufacture, produce, receive, possess, store, deploy, or use nuclear weapons,” as well as ban nuclear reprocessing and uranium enrichment facilities.The treaty also commits the two Koreas to use nuclear energy only for peaceful purposes.

The United States announces it will withdraw roughly one hundred nuclear weapons from South Korea as part of the original Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. The governments of North and South Korea agree to “not test, manufacture, produce, receive, possess, store, deploy, or use nuclear weapons,” as well as ban nuclear reprocessing and uranium enrichment facilities.The treaty also commits the two Koreas to use nuclear energy only for peaceful purposes.

As part of the agreement, the United States asserts that it has no intention of attacking North Korea.

North Korea carries out an underground nuclear test with an explosion yield estimated around one to two kilotons.

The following month, North Korea withdraws from the NPT after disrupting IAEA monitoring equipment and expelling inspectors.

Amid an increasingly tense climate, South and North Korea, China, Japan, Russia, and the United States launch a diplomatic initiative known as the Six Party Talks. Treasury Department designates the Macau-based Banco Delta Asia a primary money laundering concern and freezes $25 million North Korea holds there.

Pyongyang declares its fifteen nuclear sites to Beijing, the chair of the Six Party Talks, stating that it had thirty kilograms of plutonium and used two kilograms in its 2006 nuclear test. State Department announces a preliminary agreement with North Korea on verifications.

In turn, Bush rescinds some restrictions on trade with North Korea, announces plans to take the country off the list of state sponsors of terrorism, and waives some sanctions. However, by December, discussions break down because of disagreements on verification procedures.President Barack Obama takes office signaling a willingness to revive the Six Party Talks, but these efforts are initially rebuffed by North Korea, which launches a rocket believed to be a modified version of its long-range ballistic missile.It also ejects international monitors from its nuclear facilities in April and the following month tests a second nuclear device, which carries a yield of two to eight kilotons.There are no breakthroughs during the first round of talks, in Beijing, where North Korea denies having a uranium-enrichment program. These funds will prove to be a sticking point in negotiations between the United States and North Korea.Despite stalemates at previous rounds of the Six Party Talks, its members agree to a joint declaration in which North Korea commits to abandon its pursuit of nuclear weapons and to implement IAEA safeguards and the terms of the NPT.The United States, Japan, and South Korea establish the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) to implement the 1994 Agreed Framework and oversee the financing and construction of the two light-water reactors. North Korea agrees to suspend testing of long-range missiles following talks with the United States; in exchange, the United States eases economic sanctions for the first time since the beginning of the Korean War in 1950.South Korean President Kim Dae-jung meets with Kim Jong-il in Pyongyang for the first summit between Korean leaders since the peninsula’s division five decades prior. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright travels to North Korea to discuss the country’s ballistic missile program and missile technology exports.After the United States releases the million in frozen North Korean funds in June, the Six Party Talks resume.Its participants issue a joint statement outlining the North’s commitment to declare all of its nuclear programs, disable its facilities, and stop the export of nuclear material and technology.In July, North Korea tested seven short-, medium-, and long-range ballistic missiles.These tests prompt the UN Security Council to issue unanimous condemnations and trade sanctions.

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