Patocka Heretical Essays In The Philosophy Of History

Patocka Heretical Essays In The Philosophy Of History-17
Nevertheless, before then many foreign translations of this text had appeared, including the French edition from 1981 with a preface by Paul Ricœur and an afterword by Roman Jakobson. This work was also published in 1980 by the Czechoslovak exile publisher Arkýř in Munich. 11–12: 1396–1414, translated by Krzysztof Michalski). This essay is based on a lecture by Patočka in Prague in February 1975, in the atelier of Czech photographer Jaroslav Krejčí. In 1988, this text was published again in samizdat as part of the Patočka anthology “Archivní soubor Patočkových prací”.

Nevertheless, before then many foreign translations of this text had appeared, including the French edition from 1981 with a preface by Paul Ricœur and an afterword by Roman Jakobson. This work was also published in 1980 by the Czechoslovak exile publisher Arkýř in Munich. 11–12: 1396–1414, translated by Krzysztof Michalski). This essay is based on a lecture by Patočka in Prague in February 1975, in the atelier of Czech photographer Jaroslav Krejčí. In 1988, this text was published again in samizdat as part of the Patočka anthology “Archivní soubor Patočkových prací”.

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Lectures were initiated by the young Polish philosopher Krzysztof Michalski who had been corresponding with Patočka since 1973 and invited the Czech philosopher to write essays about his phenomenological conception of history for the Polish philosophical revue Znak.

However, due to the political situation and censorship, only one of these essays, entitled “Does History Have a Meaning?

Plato and Europe is one of the finest introductions to phenomenology.

The article is an attempt to define reduction as the beginning of philosophy. To answer these questions the author refers to Husserl, Fink and, Patočka, and tries to show that reduction is to be understood as an unmotivated expression of philosopher’s will to overcome evidence inherent to natural attitude.

“Heretical Essays” was written concurrently with the cycle of Patočkaʼs lectures dealing with philosophy of science that took place secretly in Prague from September 1974 to June 1975. Jan Patočka Archive possesses Patočkaʼs typescript of this essay with handwritten notes and corrections.

According to Ivan Chvatík, these lectures and “Heretical Essays” strongly influenced the Czechoslovak intellectual milieu and made Patočka an “important dissident” in the eyes of the Czechoslovak police. This original typescript was discovered in 2005 thank to Czech philosopher and Patočkaʼs friend Jaroslav Kohout. Some believe that the purpose of this method is to highlight a new area of being, i.e., a transcendental domain understood as a space of pure consciousness, which is supposed to be the equivalent of establishing a new of philosophy.Certain misleading statements made by Husserl have undoubtedly contributed to such interpretations.For Patočka, to think about humans and their existence in the world is irreducible to instrumental rationality. ” is the third essay from Patočkaʼs most influential and famous work entitled “Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History”. The author considers such questions as: What motivates a phenomenologist to do reduction? The author argues that reduction enables one a problematization of the world as such.Finally, reduction is defined as an attempt to take doing philosophy seriously.: 43–68). Péče o duši: soubor statí a přednášek o postavení člověka ve světě a v dějinách. "Dějiny Archivu Jana Patočky v Praze a co jim předcházelo." 55, No. It is true that there is no consensus among phenomenologists concerning either the exact sequence and procedure of reduction or the assessment of its efficiency and even possibility.In fact, the problem of reduction may be pared down to an attempt at identifying its process, individual steps and purposes.

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