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This goes to show that death penalty has not brought down crime rate and on the contrary, it has only increased it.This goes to show that death penalty is not an appropriate punishment if the idea is to educe crime.This ruling overturned all the state laws that awarded capital punishment for child rape.
During the 1700s, many philosophers and writers began to argue.
When the nation became independent, different states began to have their own laws for death penalty.
This is evident in the crime statistics that the US has seen in the last few decades.
The murder rate has climbed by 122 percent between 19 and the murder rate in New York city alone rose y 400 percent. A study undertaken by MIT showed that based on the 1970 homicide rates, an average American had a higher chance of being murdered than an American soldier who fought in World War II (Koch, 1985).
Introduction Death penalty is an age-old punishment where a crime is punished by death.
There were death penalty laws that existed from the times of ancient Babylonian period and the mention of this practice has been recorded in many books and inscriptions.Death penalties divide the society intensely because there are people who feel it is justified and others who feel it is morally incorrect.These sections of the society are deeply divided on this subject and the only way to unify them is to abolish death penalty completely. Groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) charge that death penalty is applied unfairly.Immediately, many states retooled and reworded their statutes to continue death penalty.The Supreme court further tried to abolish death penalty by reducing the crimes that come under the gamut of this punishment.Brief History of Death Penalty The first recorded death penalty in the US was in 1608 when Captain George Kendall was executed in Virginia for being a spy for Spain.Since then, many people were sentenced to death in different colonies and they were punished for many crimes such as murder, adultery, rape, robbery, witchcraft and arson .In 2008, for instance, the Supreme Court overruled a ruling by Louisiana court that convicted a father for raping his eight-year old daughter.The Supreme Court ruled that the punishment is not proportional to the nature of the crime.They contend that in the south, black men who rape white women receive more death sentences than white men who rape black women.This creates further rift in a society that has battled a lot of racial issues.