What Is Citations In A Research Paper

What Is Citations In A Research Paper-72
For example, NHS, for the National Health Service, or WHO, for the World Health Organization.

For example, NHS, for the National Health Service, or WHO, for the World Health Organization.The exact abbreviation does not matter too much, as long as it is clear in the bibliography.

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The American Psychological Association standard (APA-standard) is used in most social and psychological papers, and variations of the author/date style are used by many scientific disciplines.

For this style, after every paraphrase, you include the surname of the author and the date of writing.

A few standards, such as Chicago style and the Council of Biology Editors (BCE) use a footnote numbering system, where a number is used and cross-referenced with the endnote section and bibliography: It is always best to over cite, and avoid accusations of plagiarism, but there are a few times that citation is not necessary.

General knowledge, such as 'Crick and Watson discovered the structure of DNA,' will not need referencing.

Common knowledge does not need to be referenced, and you can assume that any reader is fairly knowledgeable about the field.

For example, a psychologist will be aware of pavlovian conditioning, so you do not need to reference that if it from your own head. There are a number of ways in which you can reference the source, but most are based upon variations of MLA and APA style.In research papers, in-text citations are most commonly used in the Introduction and Results sections.The following guidelines and examples are taken from the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition, 2nd printing, which details rules and application of APA style in research papers, including in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and references.You can use it freely (with some kind of link), and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations (with clear attribution).When writing a journal article, literature review, convention paper, or any other academic document, authors must include in-text citations whenever they refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.Occasionally, you may have to use a source that has been referenced in another source.If you can, try to find the original source and use that.You will need to create a bibliography or reference list of all of the sources that you use, but you will also need to indicate within the text where your information came from.Referencing is an essential part of writing any research paper, so err on the side of caution.Offering a citation gives your readers and other scholars access to your information sources if they wish to follow-up, or find more information on your topic.Most of your introduction, and much of your discussion, involve building upon the research of others, placing your research project in the context of previous findings in the field.

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