What Should An Abstract Include For A Research Paper

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Consider giving your abstract to a colleague working in a separate discipline and ask him or her to read it.

Ask your colleague whether the study is clear based solely on the abstract.

- 2: A randomized, double-blind comparison of lorazepam and chlordiazepoxide in patients with uncomplicated alcohol withdrawal.

An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding, or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose.

Abstracts in biological or clinical fields should mention the organism, cell line, or population studied.

For ecology papers, the location of the study is often an important piece of information.This can help you to determine which areas of the abstract will require revisions, either to clarify your meaning or to better highlight your major findings.Sources: - 1: Genetic incompatibilities are widespread within species.Papers describing clinical trials should mention the sample size, patient groups, dosages, and study duration.The following example provides all of this information clearly and concisely in a single sentence: “One hundred consecutive consenting male inpatients in a state of moderately severe, uncomplicated alcohol withdrawal at screening were randomized to receive either lorazepam (8 mg/day) or chlordiazepoxide (80 mg/day) with dosing down-titrated to zero in a fixed-dose schedule across 8 treatment days.”Just as the abstract may be the most important part of your paper, the results subsection is likely the most important part of your abstract.For example, “The importance of epistasis¬—non-additive interactions between alleles—in shaping population fitness has long been a controversial topic, hampered in part by lack of empirical evidence” is an excellent example of an introductory sentence that both states the main topic (the role of epistasis in shaping population fitness) and describes the problem (the lack of empirical evidence in this area).Thus, it immediately grabs the attention of the reader.If you are having a hard time figuring out where to start, consider going through your paper and highlighting the most important sentences in each section (introduction, methods, results, and discussion/conclusions).Then, use these sentences as an outline to write your abstract.At this point, it is also important to check your target journal’s style guide to examine their abstract guidelines.For example, some journals require a structured abstract with discrete sections, and most journals impose a strict word count limit.

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