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Protective factors, which have been shown to prevent delinquency and violence, include strong attachments to adults, school, positive peers, and the community (Hawkins, Catalano, & Associates, 1992).
Leadership: Ministry encourages that all believers are gifted by the Spirit of God and blessed to serve within the body of Christ.
Growth: Ministry works to be enduring disciples who constantly are growing in faith.
Doing so allows them to establish a vested way to a secure future (ucan, 2013).
Hands Without Guns offer community organizing, classroom-based violence interruption workshops, young leadership development, changing direction, media advocacy, teen gun survey, and teen report card.
Multifaceted interventions that address the full range of risk and protective factors at the community level appear necessary.
The "communities that care" (Hawkins, Catalano, & Associates, 1992) approach is one such community mobilization strategy that encompasses promising approaches at several levels: prenatal and infancy programs, early childhood education, parent training, school organization and management, instructional improvement in schools, drug and alcohol prevention curricula, community and school drug use policies, and media mobilization. Although the overall rates of juvenile crime may not be increasing, the rate of violent juvenile crime has risen sharply in the past few years (Snyder, 1994). Theoretical Framing of Positive Youth Development: Relational Developmental Systems Theory and Life Course Theory The concept of positive youth development (PYD) originates from developmental scientists’ interests in the innate, albeit, relative plasticity of human development and the importance of the continuous relationship between the individual and their context (Lerner, 2005; Lerner, 2009; Lerner 2014; Geldof, 2014).
It also involves encouraging positive values in childhood, like kindness, compassion, and empathy for others.
In my opinion initiative is developed through internal rewards, like creativity, dignity, autonomy, making a difference for others, and activities that help children In what way did the murder of James Bulger influence the development of youth justice policies during the 1990’s and beyond? It can lead a person’s life to path of success or it may lead it to downfalls.
Introduction This paper presents a national profile of youth problems and a literature review that focuses on the causes of each of the problem areas and reviews what is known about preventive measures and the effectiveness of existing intervention strategies.
Conclusions from this review encourage a paradigm shift in perspective away from a focus on correcting "deficits" in individual youths toward enhancing the potential for healthy youth development in all youths in the community.